To build a home successfully, you can't just know the parts that you need. You also need to understand the steps of building a home,
and it's sequential order.
We'll give you each step with a description of the entire process.
It's important to note that the location of the country that it's being built, the availability of the materials and subs,
the design of the home, and the contractor's preference can sway the order of the steps for building a house.
For example, a lot of builts delay pouring the driveway until the conclusion of the project.
This conserves construction loan interest due to its high price and prevents damage from heaving equipment such as a drywall delivery truck.
Furthermore, more than one construction activity can be going on at once.
With that caveat in mind, we've laid out a general construction schedule with a brief description for you so that you can get the gist of the entire process.
1. Stake The Lot
First, you want to locate the lot available for your new home. You will usually need a surveyor who drives around and stakes to find your home a lot. These stakes are used by foundation subcontractors and excavators to help guide their work.
2. Utilities Temporarily
During the construction process, you will need electrical power, toilet facilities, and water available.
3. Rough Grading and Clearing
You need to perform a clearing process to remove undergrowth and trees from the yard areas and construction site.
You need to establish the yard areas, drainage patterns, and the drive and walk levels by moving the dirt around. This is called the rough grading process.
4. Dig a Well
You may have to dig a well to have water available for use during construction.
Excavation is when you're digging holes for your foundation and will also be your basement. Usually, there needs to be earth-moving equipment.
You need to build a structure where the structure intertwined with the ground. The weight of the house needs to be supported well by the footings.
The foundation is the initial wall where the first floor is. It can be a tiny space or tall, depending on whether you have a basement or not.
8. Foundation Drains and Waterproofing
You need to make sure you have waterproofing material to prevent or minimize water from building up in the crawl space or basement. There will be foundation drains set up to help remove and dismantle water in that area.
9. Water Taps and Sewer
You will need to lay the pips to the house to connect both sewer and water mains.
The excavated dirt needs to be put into the hole near the foundation wall both inside and out. Make sure that the drainage is away from your home at the foundation wall.
11. Slab Plumbing
You will need to install plumbing inside the basement floor.
12. Pour Slab
You will need to pour the slab, which is the concrete on the basement floor. This may be called a structural wood floor on some plans depending on your country.
13. Install Exterior Doors and Windows
This step is when you can finally see some of the structural integrity of the house. In this step, you will focus on the roof, walls, ceiling, and floors. You will need to use the framer to install the exterior doors and windows.
14. Exterior Trim and Siding
You may be going for a stucco, siding, brick veneer, or other looks. You will get this done here.
15. Place Exterior Locks and Garage Doors
Most people tend to get their garage doors and locks at the end. However, getting them in this step is beneficial because it makes a great storage unit during construction activity for equipment and materials. By installing the exterior locks, you ensure the house is secure.
16. Install Partition Walls or Back-Out Framing
You will need to fix up general things such as installer pillars, drywall nailers, and soffits for wall cabinets.
17. Chimney and Fireplace
You should create a prefabricated version of the fireplace and chimney first. This will provide the framework of the chimney. Then a masonry chimney and fireplace will be installed before the brick veneer.
This is crucial to get in now. Building out the stairs makes it easier for the subcontractors to get from one floor to another without using ladders.
HVAC subcontractors (heating, ventilation, air conditioning) will be first. Then you'll need plumbing and electrical later. The HVAC crew will install ductwork for the HVAC system along with the furnace. These things he puts on are very inflexible and big. Thus the HVAC subcontractor must go first.
From here, you will be a plumber to begin installing the pipes.
While the HVAC specialist and plumber vent pipe through the roofs, the roof can begin on the installation process of the roofing.
Before the wiring can be installed, the codes must be dried in for the house. Now that the doors and exterior windows are in place, you can now bring on the electrician. He will begin adding the electrical boxes, such as the outlet, lighting, and switch. He then pulls the wires into the boxes. The electrician will install speaker wires, cable, telephone, and anything else that requires wires.
23. Gas Meter Set and Electric
You'll need an electric and a gas meter set to bring on the heat in the house for drywall installation.
24. Downspouts and Gutters
It's best to eliminate the water away from the house as soon as you can.
25. Exterior Paint
The exterior paint will protect harmful elements outside.
26. Insulate Your Home
Now that you have completed the rough inspections and walls, you can now insulate your home.
27. Heat Temporarily
Since the gas meters are set in place, the HVAC subcontractor will use temporary heat in the house to help with the joint drywall compound to dry efficiently. This also helps the carpet subcontractor, so the temperature of the carpet matches normal living conditions.
Drywall or otherwise known as Sheetrock, would be hung. Often you may have to nail or screw these to ceiling joists and wall justs. They are taped at the joints and muddles around the joint compound. Now, you've completed the insulation, HVAC, in-wall plumbing and electricals!
Set up the cabinets in place.
30. Trim and Interior Doors
You will need to hang the doors in place. Also, the trim materials will be installed. And this includes the crown mold, built-in cabinets, door casing, base mold, stair railing parts, window stool and apron, and window casing.
31. Wallpaper and Paint
You need to spray the first coat of paint. Make sure to do the painting before the hardwood floor is installed.
32. Hardwood Floors
Now install the hardwood floors.
You may need a different subcontractor than the person who installed the cabinets. Have these countertops installed.
34. Ceramic and Vinyl Tile
There will be two different subcontractors to install the ceramic tile and vinyl floor coverings.
35. Finished Wood and Sand Finished Floor
Make sure to complete two finishes for your floor
36. Special Equipment and Appliances
You will need to set-up and install all of the major appliances such as your range, dryer, oven, washer, refrigerator, and any other potentially special equipment you need in your home.
37. Finish Electrical
Now you need to bring back the electrician to finish the job. He will install the light fixtures, outlets, ceiling fans, switches, doorbells, and others. He may also hook up certain appliances such as the furnace, doorbell, air conditioner etc.
You need to bring back the plumber to install all faucets, lavatories, toilets and sinks,
39. Final Heat and HVAC
Again, you will have your HVAC subcontractor to install the registers and make sure the air conditioner and furnace are operating smoothly.
40. Mirrors and Shower Doors
Hang the mirror and install the shower doors.
Add the carpet to your floors to make it feel welcoming and cozy.
42. Screens and Hardware
Have all the screens and hardware, such as window screens, window, and closet hardware.
43. Drywall Repairs
Have your drywall subcontractor to patch up any dings that other subcontractors may have caused. This is a normal and natural process; things happen all the time.
You will need to clean up the interior.
45. Final Paint
You have to touch up the drywall repairs and other paint jobs in the house.
46. Final Wood Floor Finish
Make sure to finish the wood floor. It's the final inside job before you can move in!
47. Retain Walls
When outside home building work is being done, you can still have work going on inside. But when the outside is being painted, you shouldn't have anything else going on.
48. Drives, Walks and Patios
Wait until the drywall is accomplished. This is because the drywall truck could damage your flatwork, and also it's quite heavy.
49. Drain Field and Septic Tank
You will have a septic tank that allows microbic action on the solids and holds the waste in place. Using a drain field will have the effluence leach into soil.
50. Landscaping and Complete Grading
Finish the grading to ensure proper drainage from home and have the yard prepared for landscaping. You can now install the final touches like grass, shrubs, and trees.
We hope that you've enjoyed this complete guide on building a home. You now have the step by step blueprint to finish the entire process. If you know the steps, building a home doesn't have to be hard. You just need the know-how.